Until now, a 250-year-old encoded text titled the Copiale Cipher baffled cryptographers and historians with bizarre symbols and seemingly random letters. Computer scientist Kevin Knight and two Swedish researchers have broken the code to the 105-page manuscript, and NPR's Daniel Hajek reports on what the Cipher revealed.
Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi acknowledges applause before leaving parliament's lower chamber in Rome on Saturday. Berlusconi resigned after the lower chamber passed an austerity package.
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Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi acknowledges applause before leaving parliament's lower chamber in Rome on Nov. 12. The lower chamber passed European-demanded reforms aimed at bringing Italy back from the brink of economic crisis. Berlusconi said he would resign once the reforms were passed.
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Berlusconi, then and still owner of football club AC Milan, is carried by Milan players after the team won the 1988 Italian soccer championship.
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Three months after the Forza Italia party was formed, Berlusconi claimed victory of the conservative alliance in Italy's general elections on March 29, 1994.
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Silvio Berlusconi casts his ballots in the national referendum in Milan in 1995. The outcome of the referendum was decisive in determining the fate of Berlusconi's TV empire.
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In 2001, the media tycoon was under pressure to give up stake in his media companies to avoid conflict of interest issues heading into the election. He is still the owner of Italy's three major private television networks.
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U.S. President George W. Bush (R) walks with former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi after Berlusconi's arrival for a meeting at Camp David in 2002. The two leaders met to discuss the situation in Iraq.
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Berlusconi (left) answers journalist Bruno Vespa's questions during a broadcast of "Porta a Porta," an Italian TV talk show in 2006.
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This composite image shows Berlusconi at Villa Madama in Rome and Moroccan Karima El Mahroug in a nightclub. Italian prosecutors allege Berlusconi paid to have sex with Mahroug when she was underage.
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Berlusconi arrives at Milan's justice court before a legal hearing over allegations of fiscal fraud and breach of trust in his business interests, on May 2, 2011.
When Grammy-winning classical violinist Hilary Hahn plays in front of an audience, you can expect classics from Beethoven and Bach, performed with a flair and energy that's uniquely her own. Now, Hillary Hahn has a new project in the works: She wants to bring back the encore.