4:41am

Fri August 12, 2011
Europe

European Central Bank Orders Italy To Reduce Debt

Originally published on Mon August 22, 2011 10:29 am

With Italy in the crosshairs of the eurozone debt crisis, the European Central Bank is dictating to Rome the measures it should take to reduce its massive debt mountain.

But the government is divided over draconian measures that go against the grain of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's populist policies.

MP's of the Budget and Constitutional Affairs Committees were summoned back to Rome from their vacations for an emergency session — many of them tanned and fitter than usual.

Finance Minister Giulio Tremonti told them the cabinet has to find roughly $30 billion in savings and revenue. He gave few details of the emergency measures but his remarks indicated how uncomfortable it is to take orders from the European Central Bank.

"The ECB suggests raising the pension age of women in the private sector to 65," Tremonti said. "It also recommends a cut in public sector workers' salaries, but our government will not necessarily approve the latter."

Public sector workers include politicians. Italy has a staggering number, nearly 150,000. They cost each Italian citizen nearly $38 a year, compared to $7 per politician in the United States.

Italy has the highest MP wages in Europe, more than $16,000 a month before perks. These include free phone services, free train and air tickets, high discounts at Rome designer boutiques and a generous lifetime annuity.

Pier Luigi Bersani, leader of the opposition Democratic Party, reacted to Tremonti's report with an austerity proposal of his own. He was met with boos from members of the governing parties.

"Let's start tomorrow by cutting in half the number of MPs," Bersani urged his colleagues. "Then we can start reducing costs in the regions, and cut back the number of provinces and municipalities, liberalize local services and things like that."

While the committees were in session, someone posted on the Internet the Senate restaurant menu. Indignation spread and the menu is on the front pages of Friday's major dailies.

An MP's antipasto of sea bass and radicchio, and a risotto with turbot and zucchini flowers each cost $4.60. A normal restaurant price is more $30. Taxpayers pay the difference.

In his report to MPs, Finance Minister Tremonti rejected the opposition and union suggestion of a wealth tax on private assets.

Susanna Camusso, leader of Italy's biggest trade union, voiced disappointment with Tremonti's report.

"We do not want pensioners and workers to be once again the main targets of austerity measures," says said. "If the package is unfair, we will call a general strike."

It wasn't just opposition and trade union leaders who criticized Tremonti.

Umberto Bossi, leader of the major coalition partner, the Northern League, called the minister's report "murky" and he accused the European Central Bank dictates of being part of a plot hatched by Berlusconi's opponents.

"I fear the ECB letter was written in Rome," Bossi said. "I fear it's an attempt to bring down the government."

The cabinet plans to work through a public holiday Monday. It's not clear what will be in the decree that will likely be made public before markets open again on Tuesday.

What's clear, however, is that the feel-good, optimistic message with which the Berlusconi government has tackled the crisis, now belongs to the past.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

RENEE MONTAGNE, host:

With Italy now in the crosshairs of the eurozone debt crisis, the European Central Bank is dictating to Rome the measures it should take to reduce its mountain of debt. But NPR's Sylvia Poggioli reports, Italy's government is divided over draconian measures that go against the grain of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's populist policies.

SYLVIA POGGIOLI: MPs of the budget and constitutional affairs committees were summoned back to Rome from their vacations for an emergency session - many of them tanned and fitter than usual. Finance Minister Giulio Tremonti told them the cabinet has to find around 20 billion euros - almost $30 billion - in savings and revenue. He gave few details of the emergency measures but his remarks indicated how uncomfortable it is to take orders from the European Central Bank.

Mr. GIULIO TREMONTI (Finance Minister, Italy): (Through translator) The ECB suggests raising the pension age of women in the private sector to 65. It also recommends a cut in public sector workers' salaries, but our government will not necessarily approve the latter.

POGGIOLI: Public sector workers include politicians. Italy has a staggering number, nearly 150,000. They cost each Italian citizen nearly $38 a year, compared to seven dollars per politician in the USA.

Italy has the highest MP wages in Europe, more than $16,000 a month before perks. These include free phone services, free train and air tickets, high discounts at Rome designer boutiques, and a generous lifetime annuity.

Pier Luigi Bersani, leader of the opposition Democratic Party, reacted to Tremonti's report with an austerity proposal of his own. He was met with boos from members of the governing parties.

Mr. PIER LUIGI BERSANI (Chairman, Democratic Party of Italy): (Through translator) Let's start tomorrow, by cutting in half the number of MPs, then we can start reducing costs in the regions, and cut back the number of provinces and municipalities, liberalize local services and things like that.

POGGIOLI: While the committees were in session, someone posted on the web the Senate restaurant menu. Indignation spread and the menu is on the front pages of today's major dailies.�An MP's antipasto of sea bass and radicchio and a risotto with turbot and zucchini flowers each cost $4.60. A normal restaurant price is more than $30. Taxpayers pay the difference.

In his report to MPs, finance minister Tremonti rejected the opposition and union suggestion of a wealth tax on private assets. Susanna Camusso, leader of Italy's biggest trade union, voiced disappointment with Tremonti's report.

Ms. SUSANNA CAMUSSO (CGIL Federation): (Through translator) We do not want pensioners and workers to be once again the main targets of austerity measures. If the package is unfair, we will call a general strike.

POGGIOLI: It wasn't just opposition and trade union leaders who criticized Tremonti. Umberto Bossi, leader of the major coalition partner, the Northern League, called the minister's report murky. And he accused the European Central Bank dictates of being part of a plot hatched by Berlusconi's opponents.�

Mr. UMBERTO BOSSI (Northern League): (Through translator) I fear the ECB letter was written in Rome. I fear it's an attempt to bring down the government.

POGGIOLI: The cabinet plans to work through a public holiday Monday.

It's not clear what will be in the decree that will likely be made public before markets open again on Tuesday. What's clear, however, is that the feel-good, optimistic message with which the Berlusconi government has tackled the crisis now belongs to the past.

Sylvia Poggioli, NPR News, Rome.

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MONTAGNE: This is NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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